Boutry-Avezou, V., Sabatier, C., & Brisset, C. (2007). Psychological well-being at school, social adaptation and perceived discrimination in second generation immigrant adolescents. Revue Francophone du Stress et du Trauma, 7(3), 205-216.

Schooling is central for children and adolescents' development and social insertion, and more specifically for second generation immigrants. They learn academic skills, social relations and collective life. In the present research, we have studied psychological well-being and disruptive behaviours in school among 633 adolescents, aged from 12 to 18, of eight cultural groups (Africans, West Indians, Algerians, Moroccans, Portuguese, Turks, Vietnamese and Northern Europeans) compared to 167 French adolescents and examined the consequences of perceived discrimination for these adolescents. Results showed little differences between second generation immigrants and French adolescents for all measures and a weak level of perceived discrimination. The latter has a systematic negative effect on psychological well-being. However, this effect on psychological well-being and disruptive behaviours is modulated by the degree of endorsement of cultural identities and ethnic configuration of friendship networks.